A new system for fighting soil and groundwater pollution has been developed by Dr. Ofer Dahan, a researcher at the Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research at the Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research (BIDR) of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. The findings were announced at the 30th anniversary celebration of the BIDR on May 14.
The Water & Contaminants Monitoring System (W&CMS) is a fast and cost-effective monitoring tool that provides real time data on water and contaminate transport in the areas above the groundwater level, known as the Vadose Zone. The Vadose Zone includes the upper soil and rock layers which lie between the land surface and the aquifer water table beneath. Both water and contaminants must pass through the Vadose Zone to reach the water aquifer.
The W&CMS has been successfully installed in Israel and several countries where it has demonstrated that it can enhance the overall protection of the environment and particularly groundwater by providing earlier and better control of downward water flow and contaminant migration toward the groundwater.
According to Dr. Dahan, "Most sources of man-made pollution originate on land just above the Vadose Zone, including industry, intensive agriculture, landfills and waste lagoons. Unfortunately, Vadose Zones are not hydraulically isolated, and, as a result, water and contaminants may rapidly migrate downward toward the water table and pollute the groundwater. There is evidence that even the thickest Vadose Zones have limited ability to buffer against the contaminants."
Fighting groundwater pollution is critically important to many activities, including those associated with agriculture, forestry, hydrology, pollution abatement and engineering. In recent years, there has been increased environmental awareness, and, as a result, a greater demand for this kind of pollution monitoring. Solid waste dumps, petroleum stations, waste water treatment plants, chemical industries, and many more other activities that might pollute soil and groundwater all need close and careful inspection.
"The availability of the W&CMS system will give governments, as well as environmental protection organizations, more power to demand that potential polluters stay within guidelines, better protect the quality of water and, as a result, the quality of life," Dr. Dahan said.