How wastewater flow measurement generates actionable insights

March 1, 2024
Easy access to reliable operational data can help to keep wastewater flowing and identify solutions for increasing capacity, despite the common challenges involved in measuring wastewater flows.

As weather severity increases around the globe, heavy and more regular rainfall events are giving rise to greater and more sudden volumes of runoff, leading to overwhelmed sewage networks and increased instances of spillage into streams and rivers. Regulators in the United Kingdom are stepping up compliance requirements for such effluent spillages, resulting in more water companies requiring and improving flow monitoring programs to gain a better understanding of how their assets are performing.

To keep wastewater flowing through these pipelines while maintaining environmental compliance, companies like OnSite Central are providing specialist flow monitoring services. This includes the installation of loggers and sensors to gather large amounts of field data combined with in-depth analysis to provide water companies with operational insights.

“In the last couple of years, within the U.K. utilities sector, we have noticed a shift in demand from short-term flow surveys to permanent level monitoring,” said Jack Tingle, data analyst for OnSite Central. “With data loggers now being more affordable and available alongside stricter regulatory demands, water companies are installing their own devices at a scale never seen before in the U.K. These devices bring large amounts of data into SCADA systems, but customers are having difficulty processing this data to deliver valuable insights.”

After several iterations, OnSite currently uses Aquarius, a data management platform by Aquatic Informatics.

“It is proving to be reliable, and the program’s API has enabled us to integrate tools that we have already developed containing valuable existing data,” said Asmat Akhtar, data supervisor for OnSite Central. “For example, we have an application that our crews use to do their job in the field, by connecting to Aquarius, crews can seamlessly view that data and garner insights to perform their jobs better i.e., more efficiently and more effectively, without any human intervention.”  

Flow monitoring equipment measures the depth of flow and velocity in pipelines. When combined with metadata such as rain gauge information, this data can be used by hydraulic modeling engineers to assess the hydraulic performance characteristics of a particular pipeline. Reliable data enables asset owners to be more proactive when alerted by unusual flows, for example, implementing timely targeted mitigation measures due to a more accurate and informed prediction of outcomes.

OnSite transfers data into Aquarius from a combination of customer SCADA systems and logger manufacturer platforms.

“Another nice benefit of Aquarius is that we have access to a responsive support team,” said Akhtar. “We also use support to help with changes that expand our capabilities, which can be incredibly useful, and it is encouraging for us to keep pushing the parameters of possibilities collaboratively. We know there will always be room to grow.”

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The drive for wastewater system automation

Where possible, Akhtar’s team automates functionality.

For example, if a data feed coming in from a site looks poor, a reporting tool in Time-Series will identify that something does not look right. By checking a few boxes, it generates a schedule for the crew with a snapshot graph and instructions. Some of the instructions are automatic: if a sensor loses connectivity, it automatically polls Time-Series and pushes those results to the team. This kind of automation enables OnSite to maintain a relatively small team.

Anytime Akhtar’s team can avoid manual data entry, they do, as it removes the possibility for human error and frees up personnel to spend more time on performing analysis that can lead to action and planning.

“For a person to manually set up 100 newly installed loggers in a software program is tedious and requires a lot of time,” said Tingle. “We want our people to spend time looking at the data, not doing administrative tasks. As we are already collecting the information digitally by our survey teams, we have developed a process to transfer that existing data into Aquarius. By using the program’s API we are able to provide the platform with data we have already collected. With one click, in a few seconds, we can get all the site data populated in Time-Series. It’s ready to go.” 

Quality-assured data in wastewater is challenging

Measuring flow in wastewater is particularly challenging because the precision of any measurement is heavily dependent on the fluid properties. Flow conditions can be quite different in wastewater lines with often shallow turbulent water, which is very difficult to measure. Wastewater pipelines can also have a lot of solid materials and detritus that can get caught on sensors and/or lead to sewage blockages. Results can vary dramatically from one day to another.

To address this, data management platforms often have a portfolio of tools for error detection, data cleansing and flagging, automatic bias corrections, and rating shift management. Much of these automated procedures eliminate the majority of tedious manual data workup processes.

With streamlined quality assurance and quality control capabilities along with a rich audit trail, OnSite can rely on the information to be accurate, timely and defensible.

“The new program gives us a lot more confidence in our data reports, which is not easy in wastewater applications in an uncontrollable environment. There’s a lot going on down there,” Tingle said. “Better data leads to better decision making.”

OnSite has a plethora of sensors to measure and monitor parameters in wastewater pipelines and is currently investing in non-contact radar for measuring flow and velocity. The lack of an intrusive sensor can help improve data quality and in turn reduce the number of confined space entries into a hazardous environment.

The Tidalflux mag meter is designed to measure flow in partially filled pipes.
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Modeling masses of data over time

By monitoring flow over longer periods, OnSite now has a history for events such as dry or wet periods and can average out what optimal flow rates to expect if values drop outside of those ranges. Their data platform can set an alert to flag a potential issue. Historic data amplifies the value of today’s data both for prediction and identification of probable causes for unusual or poor data.

Modeling needs from short-term surveys that may require around 500 loggers is not much different from long-term monitoring that can have tens of thousands of loggers, but managing the data requires high-speed processing, automation, organization, and storage. The new program allows the OnSite analytics team to sort and layer data sets on top of each other and choose a variety of graphing tools to provide a rich story behind the numbers.

 “We can now get a graphical representation of a year’s worth of data in 3 to 5 seconds which helps with quick analysis,” Akhtar said. “Then using the web portal, we can share this data so it’s easy for customers to see and understand.”

Streamlining access to data through an online portal

OnSite is in the early stages of using WebPortal which enables stakeholders to access their data online from any connected device.

Tingle’s team manages how this data gets used and by whom. Information can be displayed on custom dashboards or maps, show alerts and provide live reports.

As the wastewater industry and technology continues to evolve, cloud solutions can keep up with the changes in the background and alleviate OnSite from having to maintain their own servers and software updates.

“Because Aquarius is hosted in a secure environment with the latest in data security, we are immediately security compliant, which is a requirement for our customers,” Akhtar said.

As wastewater systems and regulators around the world step up the monitoring of spillage into the environment, having access to reliable data will help keep wastewater flowing and identify solutions for increasing capacity to ensure all effluent makes it to treatment plants first.

About the Author

Erik Larsen

Erik Larsen is product marketing manager for Aquatic Informatics. He is a digital solutions expert with a special focus on AI and machine learning, data and analytics, and managed services.

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