Jun 24, 2019

Natural Wonders and Manmade Marvels

CST's glass-fused-to-steel liquid storage tanks help maintain Florida's lush environment 

EQ tanks

Situated about 45 miles southwest of Tampa, Manatee county’s lush environment needs water to thrive, and prudent management of that water is essential. Officials take water management seriously, including the methods used to recycle wastewater for irrigation and other non-potable uses.

The county’s 5,300 reclaimed water customers include golf courses, parks and playgrounds, landscape areas, highway medians and rights-of-way, and farms. Other uses include toilet flushing and fire protection. About 62% of the wastewater generated in the county is reused in the reclaimed water system.

Manatee county has three water reclamation facilities that can operate at a combined capacity of up to 33.5 mgd. The reclaimed water distribution system consists of approximately 943,276 linear ft (179 miles) of county-owned transmission mains, two booster pump stations and one re-pump station. A 30-in. transmission main interconnects the county’s three service areas with smaller distribution mains within the service areas.

With so much riding on the performance of its water reclamation system, Manatee county turns to CST for its liquid storage needs. The relationship dates back to 2007, when the county replaced an aging welded steel tank at its North Water Reclamation Facility (WRF) with a glass fused-to-steel tank. That set a precedent for five additional tank purchases.

“One of the main reasons Florida Aquastore won the original bid is they were able to retrofit their tank to bolt onto our original concrete slab,” said Brent Laudicina, lead operator of north county WRF. “We were impressed with their flexibility because they did exactly what we asked instead of saying they can only do it one way.”

At 6 million gal, Manatee county has the distinction of having the most storage provided by CST in the entire state of Florida. The county’s first storage tank measured 98 ft by 19 ft with a capacity of 1 million gal and is used for sludge storage. In 2013, it replaced two more welded tanks with two glass fused-to-steel tanks – also for sludge storage – and ordered three more in 2017 for storage of influent (raw sewage) as part of an upgrade of the facility.

“The consulting engineer, Kimley Horn, came to us and asked for a tank configuration that provided 3 million gal of storage,” said Peter Boccagna, sales manager at Florida Aquastore for the state of Florida. “A tank of that capacity typically has a wide diameter and they had a narrow footprint to work with, so it wouldn’t fit. After discussions with the engineers, they decided to put in three 1 million gal equalization tanks in a tight alignment and the result was a perfect fit.”

Boccagna knows space limitations eliminate certain types of tanks, especially those that have to be erected using cranes and other equipment. CST tanks can be built in close proximity to each other; in fact, the three equalization tanks sit just 5 ft apart from one another. Unlike other liquid storage tanks, glass fused-to-steel tanks are built using a series of mechanical jacks that are safe and fast, and allows the tank to use a smaller footprint than traditional steel or concrete tank erection. First, the top ring of panels is assembled, then lifted up to make room for the next ring, and so on.

WRF aerobic digester

“It’s cool to watch them go up,” said Laudicina. “Those tanks went up in two weeks, tops. Construction was simple and they made very few if any special requests of us.”

Glass fused-to-steel tanks have been proven to outperform concrete, steel bolted and elevated tanks. Companies like CST have installed more than 100,000 for numerous applications in over 70 countries around the world. It is corrosion resistant and built to withstand the hot Florida sun, humidity, and salt air, and retains its luster for decades, which means it does not have to be repainted. Lifecycle costs are some of the lowest in the industry, with minimal maintenance required.

Laudicina also quickly learned about the CST tanks’ adaptability when one was pressed into service for alum storage. Alum is used in the processing of drinking water to promote coagulation of tiny particles, as well as remove color and improve turbidity. The spent alum from the county’s potable water facility contains dirt and debris that had to be isolated from the clean, drinkable water.

“We had a lot of rain last winter and the drying beds were wet the whole time, which meant we ran out of storage capacity for the spent alum,” Laudicina said. “So we called in tanker trucks, pumped the alum and hauled it to our plant and put it directly into one of the sludge-holding tanks, then pressed it and hauled it to a biosolids dryer facility.”

A dependable tank is the anchor of every efficient liquid handling facility. Aquastore proves its versatility everyday, going the extra mile like helping Manatee county convert wastewater processing sludge into a Class AA biosolid, which it sells to local sod farms and orange groves for fertilizer.

Just looking at the tanks everyday reminds Laudicina that his employer made the right choice.

“We can’t tell our oldest tank from the new ones,” said Laudicina. “They look amazing. The CST tank has a more contemporary look that gives the plant an overall look of sophistication.”

CST Ind. Inc.


903 East 104th St., Suite 900

Kansas City, MO 64131

United States

Phone: 844-44-TANKS

Fax: 913.621.2145


[email protected]