American Water Chemicals Delivers Antiscalant to Orange County Water District
The company provided antiscalant for the full-scale 70 mgd groundwater replenishment system
After two years of research and development work, and three years of pilot testing, American Water Chemicals (AWC) has made its first full-scale delivery of AWC A-110 antiscalant to the Orange County Water District (OCWD).
The district had experienced numerous silica scaling incidents which had forced them to resort to the use of hazardous ammonium bifluoride as a membrane cleaner.
Based on a review of the OCWD historical feed water data, AWC started a series of research experiments that found a link between phosphate scale and silica formation. A paper was presented at the 2011 IDA World Congress in Perth, Australia titled "A Relationship Between Phosphate Scaling and Silica Fouling in Wastewater RO Systems" which outlined these findings.
Further lab experimentation also determined that variations in iron coagulant carryover had a direct impact on antiscalant demand. A comparison of OCWD feed water and Operational history confirmed a correlation between surges in ferric ion levels and silica scaling events.
The AWC A-110 was developed around OCWD's complex waste water feed, and was designed specifically for control of high phosphate and silica scales in the presence of ferric ion carryover. OCWD began piloting the AWC A-110 in August 2011 and continued testing through different temperatures and at varying pH levels. By early 2014, it was determined that the AWC A-110 was effectively inhibiting scale in the pilot at a dosage of 3.5 ppm and an operating pH of 6.9. OCWD then made the decision to give AWC the opportunity to provide antiscalant for the full-scale 70 million gal per day (mgd) groundwater replenishment system (GWRS). The operation at a higher pH level would potentially result in significant operational savings for the district as a result of reduced acid consumption.
"We feel a great sense of accomplishment at AWC because our success was entirely based on years of scientific research that can now be applied to all other membrane water reuse facilities," said Mo Malki, CEO of AWC. He also emphasized that recent research and development work had shown the product to be extremely effective for controlling aluminum silicate scales. The results of that research were presented more recently in a paper titled "Controlling Aluminum Silicate Scaling in Membrane Separation Processes" at the 2013 IDA World Congress in Tianjin, China.
The OCWD GWRS is in the process of expanding to 100 mgd production capacity.